Tag Archives: cattle

Tri-State Cow/Calf Symposium will be held at the Wesleyan Church in Imperial Nebraska on February 8 with registration at 9:00 AM and the program starting at 9:30 AM MT.  The program was developed by Extension Educators and Specialists from Colorado State University, Kansas State University and the University of Nebraska.  The emphasis of this symposium is Strategies for Success.  Topics for the program include:

  • Range Management – How Drought Affects Calf Weight and Nutrition by Travis Mulliniks,  Extension Range Beef Nutrition Specialist, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
  • Rainfall – Based Pasture Insurance by Monte Vandeveer, Extension Agricultural Economist, Kansas State University
  • Leasing Pasture, Tenant Dealing with Drought by Robert Tigner, Agricultural Economics Extension Educator, Nebraska Extension
  • Cattle Trace Pilot Project – What is it and why should you care? By Cassie Kniebel, Project Manager, Cattle Trace, Kansas State University
  • Trouble Shooting Low Pregnancy Rates by Gregg Hanzlicek, Interim Associate Director and Director of Field Investigations, Veterinary Diagnostic Lab, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
  • Legacy & Succession Planning by Allan Vyhnalek, Farm & Ranch Succession Educator, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
  • Producer Panel on Succession Planning Rita Hogsett, Champion NE and Ken Grecian, Palco Kansas

To register, send registration form to Lincoln County Extension Office, 348 W State Farm Road, North Platte Nebraska 69101.  The cost is $30 or $50 per couple and students $10.  If you are interested in a booth, the cost is $150.  The program will be held at the Wesleyan Church, 1710 Wesley Drive, Imperial Nebraska 69033.  For more information, contact Randy Saner at 308-532-2683 or the Chase County Extension Office at 308-882-4731.  Website link to the program is https://go.unl.edu/ftiu or the brochure link is  https://go.unl.edu/k440

Efficiency and sustainability are important topics to beef consumers and the future success of the beef industry. These topics are also the theme of Nebraska Extension’s Ranching for Profitability session in 2019.

In January, Ranching for Profitability will be offered as a webinar that beef producers can join from any of 13 downlink locations across Nebraska, or from their home via the internet. A list of sites and registration information follows.

The webinar will take place on Thursday, Jan. 17, from 5:30-8:30 p.m. Mountain Time (6:30-9:30 p.m. Central). Expert university and industry speakers will address genetic changes in cattle breeds; consumer preferences at the meat counter; and protecting herd health.

Dr. David Lalman from Oklahoma State University will lead off the evening on the topic “Genetic Trends for Maternal and Growth Traits in Major Cattle Breeds.”  Lalman will explore the implications of the tremendous genetic change of the last 50 years to input costs and productivity for cow-calf producers.

Dr. Kim Stackhouse, Director of Sustainability at meat-processing company JBS, will give a beef processor’s perspective on the kind of product sought by grocers and the food-service industry to meet consumer demands for “sustainably produced” meat. Understanding consumer desires will help producers understand ways to effectively tell how they efficiently utilize resources to sustainably produce beef.

Dr. Brian Vander Ley, Nebraska Extension Veterinarian, will wrap up the evening discussing “(Re)Moving the Needle on Herd Health.”

To attend a webinar host site, please contact the local Nebraska Extension office where you plan to attend by Jan. 15 to insure enough program materials are available.

Those who would like to attend from home can register for a remote webinar seat, by contacting their local Beef Extension Educator to receive program information and the webinar link.

Cost is $10 per person.  Those wishing to participate in the online meeting will need to pay their local Beef Extension Educator prior to receiving the webinar link.  Those attending a downlink site can pay at the door.

Please call to register for the webinar meeting at one of these locations.

Ainsworth (Brown County Courthouse), 402-387-2213;

Broken Bow (Mid-Plains Community College Campus), 308-872-6831;

Burwell (Garfield County Courthouse), 308-346-4200;

Curtis (NCTA Education Center Auditorium), 308-367-5284;

Columbus (Platte County Extension Office), (308)536-2691;

Kearney (Buffalo County Extension Office), 308-236-1235;

North Platte (West Central Research and Extension Center), 308-532-2683;

O’Neill (Holt County Courthouse Annex), 402-336-2760;

Rushville (Sheridan County Extension Office), 308-327-2312;

Scottsbluff (Panhandle Research and Extension Center), 308-235-3122;

Sidney (South Platte NRD Meeting Room), 308-235-3122;

Valentine (Cherry County Courthouse), 402-376-1850;

West Point (Cuming County Courthouse Meeting Room), 402-372-6006;

For questions about the “Ranching for Profitability” Meeting, please contact Aaron Berger at 308-235-3122 or aberger2@unl.edu.

An Arizona man who stole $3 million worth of cattle sale proceeds from a sale barn has been sentenced to five years in federal prison and repaying the money he stole.

On Dec. 18, Seth Nichols, 29, was sentenced to his prison time and restitution payments after pleading guilty to federal back fraud in February. Under the plea deal Nichols was sentenced to the maximum prison term allowed by Judge Cindy K. Jorgenson.

Nichols was described as “like a son” to the owners of the Marana Stockyards and Livestock Market, who he defraud money out of by doctoring financial records while working as the office manager for the sale barn.

The scheme began to unravel in August 2017 when well-known rodeo cowboy Clay Parsons discovered $1.3 million missing from the accounts of the Marana Stockyards and Livestock Market, which his family has operated for nearly 30 years. The stockyard’s line of credit also was drawn down inexplicably by nearly $2 million, according to records from U.S. District Court in Tucson.

Parsons hired Nichols in June 2013 to run the day-to-day business at the stockyards.

Through the scheme Nichols used the sale barn’s line of credit to purchase cattle for Nichols Cattle Co. Those cattle were then sold at other markets and Nichols failed to pay back the stockyard. Nichols eventually admitted to sending the sale proceeds to his family’s company.

Money was spent by Nichols to fund what Jorgenson called a “very lavish lifestyle.” The stolen money was spent on such things as gambling trips to Las Vegas and partial ownership of a helicopter.

Nichols’ father, Donald Hugh Nichols, has also been indicted on bank fraud charges totaling $1.6 million of allegedly fraudulent cattle sales at the stockyard’s auctions. That trial is slated to begin in late February.

I’ve rarely been to a cattle operation where a clostridial vaccine wasn’t part of the health protocol. Turns out, giving that two-, four-, seven- or eight-way, along with an injectable IBR vaccine, might be a mistake.

Vic Cortese, veterinarian with Zoetis’ Cattle and Equine Immunology and Biologicals, says new research shows when the IBR (infectious bovine rhinotracheitis) vaccine is given at the same time as the clostridial vaccine, it blocks about two-thirds of calves from developing immunity to the clostridials.

So, run three calves through that program, and only one is getting what you paid for. This applies to the first round of vaccinations only, but to all ages of calves.

Common contributors to the development of clostridial disease include banding and puncture wounds. Even bruising can lead to the condition. Think of it this way: A wound where normal blood flow is involved is not a likely source. But, damage, internal or external, where there is not normal blood flow and, therefore, no oxygen going to the area sets the stage for this deadly infection.

A clostridial is a bacterium that releases deadly toxins. In the gastrointestinal tract, it releases enterotoxins; in the nervous system, neurotoxins; and histotoxins in the muscular system, which can lead to gangrene and death.

Prevention isn’t just about using a vaccine correctly. It starts with good management. Cortese says key ways to prevent the disease are to have consistency in feed and intake; to minimize overcrowding, bulling and rough trucking; to avoid overgrazing; and to block access to areas on the ranch that have rotting or spoiling vegetation or dead wildlife. These areas house spores that lead to the disease.

Since all of those steps aren’t always possible, we have vaccines. In the case of clostridial vaccines, they’ve been around so long we may take them for granted. The first clostridial vaccine against blackleg in cattle was developed in 1932. Sometimes, absence of a problem convinces us it’s not really a problem at all. I’ve heard the occasional story where a producer hasn’t seen blackleg in his lifetime, so he decides there’s no need to vaccinate against it. Maybe he got by a year or two, and nothing happened. Suddenly, he loses a dozen or more head. It’s a mistake he’ll never make again. Turns out, no one is bulletproof.

One of the most effective ways to protect calves from clostridial disease is through the dam, Cortese stresses. If she is vaccinated, she transfers antibodies through her colostrum to the calf. Timing is the challenge here. The cow needs to be vaccinated four to 11 weeks prior to calving.

If the protocol is more day-of-birth vaccinations, he recommends only using the C and D (C perfringens types) clostridial vaccine plus tetanus if you’re going with an early band castration. He does not recommend a seven-way at this age, because it diminishes appetite at a time the calf most needs to be nursing. And he says do not add the injectable IBR vaccine at this time.

The same holds true when vaccinating calves prior to going out to grass. Here, Cortese notes, “If you give your first IBR and a seven-way, only one out of three calves will respond to the clostridial vaccine, because the viral blocks the response.”

The best way around that, he says, is use of an intranasal IBR. And, remember, the suppression of the clostridial vaccine is a one-time thing. So, when it’s time for a booster, the injectable IBR is fine.

Regarding the intranasal vaccine, Cortese understands the reluctance on producers’ parts to take this approach. Like the news about clostridials, though, there are new findings about intranasal vaccines, too.

“It’s the opposite of what we’ve been taught,” he notes. “We now know that the intranasal lasts longer than the injectable. It holds up longer in calves.”

One program that might work for producers taking calves to grass, Cortese says, is to use the intranasal IBR, a BVD (this doesn’t block clostridial) and a seven-way. If you still see sudden deaths after going to grass on the seven-way, boost with the one-dose Alpha product.

All of this goes back to one point: Rethink your vaccination program. Share this with your herd veterinarian, and work together to find the most effective and efficient vaccination schedule possible. It should mean you get more of what you’re paying for and have fewer calves lost each year to disease. Together, that adds up to real money.

Al and Mary Knapp of Basehor, Kansas, were inducted into the American Gelbvieh Association (AGA) Hall of Fame for 2019. The induction took place during the awards banquet at the 48th Annual AGA National Convention in Nashville, Tennessee.


Dustin Aherin, Phillipsburg, Kansas, presented the award to the Knapp family. He expressed his sincere gratitude towards the couple on behalf of his family and the numerous other individuals throughout the country whose lives have been positively influenced by the Knapps.


The AGA Hall of Fame recognizes individuals for their lasting contribution to the growth and development of the Gelbvieh breed. Hall of fame inductee selection criterion includes contributions to breed promotion efforts, leadership provided to the association and the breeding of superior genetics that are of great influence within the Gelbvieh and Balancer® cattle population.


Over the past 22 years the Knapps have had a tremendous impact on the AGA and more importantly, the people within it. While running a successful Gelbvieh operation the Knapps served 16 years as American Gelbvieh Junior Association (AGJA) advisors. Al has served on the AGA Board of Directors, and served as AGA president in 2010, In addition, the Knapps currently serve on the American Gelbvieh Foundation (AGF) Board of Directors, with Al serving as AGF president.


Al and Mary Knapp take service-centered leadership to a whole new level and their passion for fellow breeders and the association’s youth is the standard of the breed. Both the AGA and AGJA are improved associations because of the relentless efforts and sacrifices of the Knapps.

Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 11.7 million head on Dec. 1, 2018. The inventory was 2% above Dec. 1, 2017, USDA reported Thursday.

Listen to Jerry Stowell: http://bit.ly/2PQ3D9D

Placements in feedlots during November totaled 2.00 million head, 5% below 2017. Net placements were 1.92 million head. During November, placements of cattle and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 550,000 head, 600-699 pounds were 495,000 head, 700-799 pounds were 416,000 head, 800-899 pounds were 315,000 head, 900-999 pounds were 115,000 head, and 1,000 pounds and greater were 105,000 head.

Marketings of fed cattle during November totaled 1.87 million head, 1% above 2017. Marketings were the highest for November since the series began in 1996.

Other disappearance totaled 80,000 head during November, 13% above 2017

To view the full Cattle on Feed report, visit https://www.nass.usda.gov/…

USDA Actual Average Guess Range
Cattle on Feed:
On Feed Dec. 1 102.0% 102.0% 101.0-103.0%
Placed in November 95.0% 93.5% 89.0-101.0%
Marketed in November 101.0% 101.0% 100.5-101.5%

National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) President Kevin Kester urged the Trump Administration to move quickly to tear down trade barriers for U.S. beef in Japan. Speaking at a public hearing on the potential economic impact of a U.S.-Japan bilateral trade agreement, Kester noted that reducing tariff and non-tariff trade barriers would benefit Japanese consumers and U.S. cattle producers. Japan is the top export market for U.S. beef, accounting for nearly $2 billion in sales in 2017. However, U.S. beef exports face tariffs as high as 50 percent under some circumstances.

“NCBA strongly supports prioritizing and expediting negotiations for a U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement,” Kester said in his comments. “The U.S. beef industry is at risk of losing significant market share in Japan unless immediate action is taken to level the playing field.”

A number of key U.S. competitors have negotiated agreements that provide their producers with preferential access to the Japanese market. For example, under the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), Australian beef exporters will enjoy a tariff reduction of 27.5 percent in the first year of the agreement for fresh and frozen products. In most cases, the countries who are part of CPTPP will see their tariff rates for beef exports decline to 9 percent over the next 15 years. In addition to CPTPP, Japan is moving ahead with a trade agreement that will give European Union beef producers similar terms to those negotiated in CPTPP.

“NCBA supported the negotiated compromise under Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) because it reduced the massive tariff applied to U.S. beef, diminished the likelihood of triggering snap back tariffs, and established strong, objective, and predictable sanitary and phytosanitary standards and other rules-based trade standards,” Kester added. “We expect nothing less under a U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement.”

U.S. beef exports remained on a record-shattering value pace in October, according to data released by USDA and compiled by the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF). October pork exports trended seasonally higher compared to recent months but were still below the results posted in October 2017. Lamb export volume in October more than doubled year-over-year, while value increased nearly 50 percent.

October beef exports totaled 117,838 metric tons (mt), up 6 percent from a year ago, valued at $727.4 million – up 10 percent and the second-highest monthly total on record. For January through October, beef exports totaled 1.13 million mt, up 9 percent year-over-year, while value was up 17 percent to $6.92 billion. For beef muscle cuts only, exports increased 12 percent in volume (867,714 mt) and 19 percent in value ($6.19 billion).

Exports accounted for 13 percent of total beef production in October, which was steady with last year, and 11.6 percent for muscle cuts only (down slightly). For January through October, exports accounted for 13.5 percent of total production and 11.1 percent for muscle cuts – up from 12.8 percent and 10.2 percent, respectively, last year. Beef export value equated to $317.53 per head of fed slaughter in October, up 5 percent from a year ago. For January through October, the per-head average was up 15 percent to $320.50.

“Demand for U.S. beef continues to climb in nearly every region of the world, with annual records already falling in some markets,” said Dan Halstrom, USMEF president and CEO. “Per-head export value will also easily set a new record in 2018, which illustrates the strong returns exports are delivering for cattle producers and for the entire supply chain.”

October pork export volume was 207,725 mt, the largest since May but still 2 percent lower year-over-year, reflecting smaller variety meat exports. Export value ($536.5 million) was also the largest since May but still down 5 percent from a year ago. For January through October, pork exports were 1 percent above last year’s record pace at 2.02 million mt, while value was also up 1 percent to $5.33 billion. For pork muscle cuts only, January-October exports increased 5 percent from a year ago in volume (1.63 million mt), valued at $4.43 billion (up 2 percent).

October exports accounted for 23.6 percent of total pork production, down from 25.4 percent a year ago. For muscle cuts only, the percentage exported was 20.7 percent – down from 21.6 percent in October 2017. For January through October, pork exports accounted for 25.8 percent of total production, down from 26.4 percent last year, but the percentage of muscle cuts exported increased from 22 to 22.5 percent. Export value per head slaughtered was down 10 percent from a year ago in October to $46.07. The January-October average was $51.74, down 2 percent.

“Despite some very significant obstacles, global demand dynamics for U.S. pork remain strong,” Halstrom said. “We are hopeful that the events of the past week – the signing of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement and the return of trade negotiations between the U.S. and China – represent progress toward elimination of retaliatory duties imposed by key trading partners. If we can put that situation behind us, U.S. pork is well-positioned to regain the momentum displayed early in the year.”

Halstrom added that upcoming trade negotiations with Japan are critical for the U.S. pork and beef industries, as all major competitors in the Japanese market will soon benefit from significant tariff reductions. USMEF, along with producers, exporters and other industry organizations submitted comments to the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) underscoring the importance and urgency of these negotiations and will convey these points again in USTR’s Dec. 10 public hearing.

New value records for U.S. beef in Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines

Beef exports to South Korea, which had already set a new annual value record through September, remained on a torrid pace as October exports reached 20,171 mt (up 17 percent from a year ago) valued at $153.1 million (up 25 percent). January-October exports were up 35 percent in volume (200,666 mt) and 47 percent in value ($1.44 billion). These results included a 21 percent increase in chilled beef exports to 44,440 mt, valued at $431 million (up 31 percent). While Korea’s imports from Australia and New Zealand have also edged higher in 2018, U.S. beef’s market share has increased sharply, jumping from 49 to 53 percent.

October beef exports to leading market Japan were up 12 percent from a year ago in volume (26,954 mt) and 13 percent higher in value ($166.8 million). For January through October, exports to Japan were up 7 percent from a year ago in volume (279,825 mt) while value increased 10 percent to $1.76 billion. Chilled beef exports to Japan were down 1 percent to 123,712 mt, but value increased 8 percent to $990 million.

For January through October, other highlights for U.S. beef exports include:

  • Beef exports to Taiwan were up 34 percent from a year ago in volume (49,135 mt), while value reached $455.3 million – up 36 percent and already easily surpassing last year’s annual record of $409.7 million. Chilled exports to Taiwan were up 30 percent in volume (19,878 mt) and 35 percent in value ($249 million), as the United States captured more than 75 percent of Taiwan’s chilled beef market – the highest market share of any Asian destination.
  • Exports to the Philippines soared 29 percent in volume to 14,751 mt and reached $72.4 million in value – up 35 percent and setting a new annual record. Solid growth in Vietnam also helped push beef exports to the ASEAN region 14 percent ahead of last year’s pace in volume (39,719 mt) and 26 percent higher in value ($218.1 million).
  • Exports to Mexico were up 1 percent from a year ago in volume (199,003 mt) and 8 percent higher in value ($879.2 million). Beef muscle cut exports to Mexico have shown particularly strong momentum in 2018, increasing 8 percent in volume (118,177 mt) and 11 percent in value ($691.6 million).
  • Although October volume trended lower, January-October exports to China/Hong Kong were still 4 percent ahead of last year’s pace in volume (102,545 mt) and 24 percent higher in value ($823.5 million). This included exports to China of 5,677 mt valued at $48.6 million.
  • Growth in the Dominican Republic, Jamaica and the Bahamas contributed to a 9 percent increase in the Caribbean region as exports reached 21,455 mt. Value was up 4 percent to $135.4 million.
  • Led by strong growth in Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama, El Salvador and Nicaragua, beef exports to Central America increased 18 percent year-over-year in volume (11,923 mt) and 14 percent in value ($64.6 million).

New record for U.S. pork in Korea; growth in Japan, ASEAN also bolster October exports

Pork exports to South Korea continued to gain momentum in October, increasing 27 percent from a year ago in volume (19,588 mt) and 17 percent in value ($49.2 million). January-October exports to Korea increased 41 percent in volume (191,610 mt) and 44 percent in value ($538.4 million) – already topping the annual records set in 2011. Even as imports from all main suppliers have expanded this year, U.S. share of Korea’s pork imports has increased significantly, rising from 36 to 39 percent.

October pork exports to leading value market Japan totaled 35,134 mt, up 8 percent from a year ago, while export value climbed 9 percent to $146.6 million. This pushed January-October exports 2 percent ahead of last year’s pace in volume (330,480 mt) and 3 percent higher in value ($1.36 billion). This included a slight decrease in chilled pork volume (176,118 mt) while value was up 2 percent to $849 million. U.S. share of Japan’s pork imports held close to 35 percent, down slightly from last year. But Japan imported a record volume of ground seasoned pork from the European Union in October and U.S. share in that category has dropped from 71 to 65 percent in 2018. Unfortunately this trend is likely to continue with upcoming implementation of the Japan-EU Economic Partnership Agreement and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, which will reduce tariffs on all pork and phase the import duty on ground seasoned pork to zero over the next six years.

Led by strong growth in the Philippines and Vietnam, October pork exports to the ASEAN region increased 91 percent in volume (9,009 mt) and 59 percent in value ($22 million). January-October exports increased 46 percent in volume (58,415 mt) and 33 percent in value ($145.5 million). This was fueled in part by a surge in pork variety meat exports to the region, which more than doubled in both volume (24,090 mt, up 149 percent) and value ($39 million, up 126 percent).

Other January-October results for U.S. pork exports include:

  • Pork exports to South America, led by strong growth in Colombia and Peru and a rebound in exports to Chile, reached 106,444 mt – up 25 percent and already surpassing last year’s annual record. Export value was up 19 percent to $259.9 million.
  • Although October results slowed from a year ago, January-October exports to Central America still increased 17 percent in volume (66,428 mt) and 13 percent in value ($156.6 million). Exports increased to leading markets Honduras and Guatemala and were sharply higher to Panama, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
  • Exports to the Dominican Republic have already exceeded annual records in both volume (36,022 mt, up 36 percent) and value ($78.4 million, up 29 percent).
  • Exports to Australia were up 10 percent to 61,994 mt, with value climbing 8 percent to $178.8 million. Australia is a critical market for U.S. hams, especially with retaliatory duties in place in Mexico and China.
  • Despite a fifth straight month in which pork shipments were below year-ago levels, exports to leading volume market Mexico were still steady with last year’s record pace at 656,284 mt. But export value, pressured by the retaliatory duties first imposed in June, declined by 9 percent to $1.12 billion.
  • Exports to China/Hong Kong declined 27 percent from a year ago to 302,151 mt, with value dropping 16 percent to $730 million. China/Hong Kong is the largest destination for pork variety meat exports, which were down 28 percent in volume (194,472 mt) and 15 percent in value ($512.4 million).

Lamb exports solid in October

October exports of U.S. lamb more than doubled from a year ago to 1,161 mt (up 107 percent). Export value was also strong, climbing 48 percent to $1.96 million. Lamb muscle cut exports were 207 mt in October, up 20 percent from a year ago, valued at $1.13 million (up 27 percent).

Through the first 10 months of the year, lamb exports were 69 percent ahead of last year’s pace in volume (10,371 mt) and 19 percent higher in value ($19 million). While the increase is mainly attributable to stronger variety meat demand in Mexico, muscle cut exports were sharply higher to the Bahamas, the Dominican Republic, the United Arab Emirates, Taiwan and the Philippines.

Complete January-October export results for U.S. beef, pork and lamb are available from USMEF’s statistics web page.

Monthly charts for U.S. pork and beef exports are also available online.


  • Export statistics refer to both muscle cuts and variety meat, unless otherwise noted.
  • One metric ton (mt) = 2,204.622 pounds.
  • U.S. pork currently faces retaliatory duties in China and Mexico. China’s duty rate on frozen pork muscle cuts and variety meat increased from 12 to 37 percent in April and from 37 to 62 percent in July. Mexico’s duty rate on pork muscle cuts increased from zero to 10 percent in June and jumped to 20 percent in July. Beginning in June, Mexico also imposed a 15 percent duty on sausages and a 20 percent duty on some prepared hams.
  • U.S. beef faces retaliatory duties in China and Canada. China’s duty rate on beef muscle cuts and variety meats increased from 12 to 37 percent in July. Canada’s 10 percent duty, which also took effect in July, applies to HS 160250 cooked/prepared beef products.