Tag Archives: Crop Progress Report

Fall row crop harvest continues at break neck speed across the country. Corn and soybean harvest if continued uninterrupted could have most farmers done by thanksgiving. However the quick harvest pace is a double edge sword as the dry conditions making it possible are also continuing to dry up available soil moisture, and grass quality in pastures.

In a break down of the NASS crop progress report for the week of October 19 the national corn harvest is now 60% complete. Up 19% from the prior week. Meaning if that pace continues corn harvest could be at 98%-99% in two weeks. In the state break down most states are over the half way mark for corn harvest. Iowa has harvested 65% of their corn crop. A far cry from the 13% they had harvested this time last year. Kansas has harvested 76% of their corn crop and Nebraska has harvested 58% of it’s corn crop.

While most other fall crops have concluded their weekly condition rating corn is still receiving a rating. Nationwide the corn crop is rated 61% good to excellent. That is unchanged week to week. Nebraska corn fell 4% to 59% good to excellent. Kansas corn remained unchanged week to week at 59% good to excellent. Iowa gained 3% to 47% good to excellent, but Illinois cancelled those gains out dropping 3% to 65% good to excellent.

Soybean harvest is about 15% ahead of corn harvest now 75% complete across the country. Iowa (90%) and Nebraska (92%)  are just behind the state with the most soybean harvest complete. Louisiana at 93%.  Kansas is further behind these other states at 64% complete, but was able to gain 24% harvest completion week to week.

Given it’s strong cash market sorghum harvest has really kicked into gear with 63% of the nations sorghum crop in the bin. That is 12% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska has harvested 60% of it’s sorghum crop, up from 31% last week. Kansas has harvested 49% of the state’s sorghum crop, up from last week’s 30%.

Soybeans and sorghum no longer have a weekly rating from NASS.

Winter wheat seeding continues to push on and is almost done. Nationwide 77% of the winter wheat has been seeded. With states across the great plains essentially done. Kansas is 84% planted, Colorado 98%, Nebraska 72% and South Dakota at 71% planted. All of these are within a few points of their five year average.

Despite the dry most states are seeing strong emergence of the winter wheat. 51% of the national crop has emerged. 71% of the South Dakota crop has emerged. 61% of the Kansas winter wheat crop has emerged. 68% of the Colorado winter wheat crop has emerged and 72% of the Nebraska winter wheat crop has emerged.

The final pages of the report really detail how short moisture is becoming across much of the country. Pasture and range condition in Kansas fell 5% to 27% good, 0% excellent. Nebraska pasture fell 21% to just 15% good, 0% excellent.

Topsoil moisture fell 7% in both Kansas (21%) and Nebraska (20%)  adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture than fell 8% in both Kansas and Nebraska, to 31% and 28% adequate to surplus.

You can read the full report here:

https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/ww72c218f/4q77gg25f/prog4320.pdf

Clay Patton has the audio recap of the report here:

While the markets took a wild ride on Monday the NASS crop progress report looks fairly uneventful. Row crop harvest is getting started somewhat ahead of the five year average. That has been expected by many though given the early and swift planting that occurred. After big double digit increases in the soil moisture profile last week dry conditions have set back in and are slowly taking the soil moisture down.

In a full breakdown of the report we start with corn in the dent stage. It’s essientially complete across the country this week at 95%. That is up 6% from last week and still 5% ahead of the five year average. 97% of Nebraska corn is in the dent stage, 96% of Kansas corn is in the dent stage and 94% of Iowa corn is in the dent stage. All just a few points ahead of the five year average.

Corn maturity is also moving along swiftly with a nationwide rating of 59%. That is an 18% increase in the mature corn from a week ago. It’s also perfectly 10% ahead of the five year average. In the Midwest; 93% of the Nebraska corn crop is mature, 81% of the Kansas corn crop is mature and 66% of the Iowa corn crop is mature. All of these are ahead of their respective five year average, except Kansas which is 1% behind the five year average.

Corn harvest slowly moves along in the country up 3% nationwide from last week to 8% complete. Unlike the rest of the corn stages harvest is actually behind the five year average of 10%. Texas is by far the farthest along in corn harvest with 69% of the crop out of the field. Nebraska has 10% of the corn harvested. Iowa has 4% of the corn harvested. All these states are still ahead of their five year average. Kansas on the other hand has harvested 16% of their corn crop is 6% behind the five year average.

Finally with corn the overall condition of the crop remains little changed from last week. Nationwide the crop ticked up 1% to 61% good to excellent. Nebraska corn increased 3% to 63% good to excellent. Kansas corn remains unchanged week to week at 54% good to excellent. Iowa corn also remains unchanged week to week at 42% good to excellent.  Illinois corn follows the Nebraska plan with corn conditions rising 3% to 73% good to excellent.

Staying with row crops soybean dropping leaves is now considered 59% complete across the country. That helps it stay 9% ahead of the five year average. 82% of the Nebraska soybean crop has dropped leaves, 48% of the Kansas soybean crop has dropped leaves and 66% of the Iowa soybean crop has dropped leaves. All of these are well ahead of their five year average.

Soybean harvest is also now far enough along to be recognized by crop progress. Nationwide 6% of the soybean crop has been harvested. That is fully steady with the 5 year average. In Nebraska 10% of the soybean crop has been harvested. Iowa, 7% of the soybean crop has been harvested and in Kansas 2% of the soybean crop has been harvested. All of these are well ahead of the five year average of Kansas takes the cake doubling their five year average for soybean harvest.

Just as corn soybean condition rating is relatively unchanged week to week. Nationally the soybean crop is rated 63% good to excellent, unchanged week to week. Also remaining unchanged week to week is Illinois soybeans at 71% good to excellent and Iowa soybeans at 48% good to excellent.  Nebraska soybeans actually increased 2% week to week at 66% good to excellent. Kansas was one of the few states to see an actual decrease in soybean conditions with a drop of 6% to 45% good to excellent.

Now to sorghum. Sorghum maturity continues to be ahead of the  five year average with a national rating of 51% mature, 3% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska sorghum has reached 49% maturity. A solid 13% ahead of the five year average.

Sorghum harvest is starting to get underway. Nationwide 27% of the sorghum crop is out of the field. That is 2% behind the five year average. In Nebraska 2% of the sorghum crop is harvested. 1% behind the five year average.

Nationwide the sorghum crop is rated 51% good to excellent, down 1% from last week. In Nebraska the sorghum crop is rated 66% good to excellent. A sharp 6% decline from last week.

Winter wheat continues to go into the ground with 20% of the national crop planted. Just 1% ahead of five year average. Nebraska is well ahead of the Kansas at 40% planted. Kansas is 14% planted.

Winter wheat is also starting to emerge with 3% of the national crop above ground. 1% of the Kansas crop has emerged and 0% of the Nebraska crop has emerged.

After big gains last week pasture and range conditions fall this week. Kansas range condition fell 4% to 37% good to excellent. Nebraska pasture condition fell 1% to 40% good to excellent.

Soil moisture was also tightened this week due to dry conditions re-emerging. In Nebraska the topsoil rating dropped 6% to 48% adequate to surplus and the subsoil rating dropped 3% to 44% adequate to surplus. In Kansas topsoil moisture was unchanged week to week at 63% adequate to surplus, subsoil moisture actually increased 2% to 62% good to excellent.

You can see the USDA report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/2227nd802/h415q0669/prog3920.pdf 

Clay Patton recaps the report here: