Tag Archives: Crop Progress

For the first full week of July corn and soybean ratings started to drop slightly across the nation.Corn silking is the first crop condition area we see that is actually behind the five year average. Winter wheat harvest is rolling along ahead of schedule in most states.  Top soil and subsoil moisture continue to be dry and dropping across the country.

NASS estimated that 71% of the corn crop was in good-to-excellent condition as of Sunday, July 5, down 2 percentage points from 73% the previous week but still well above 57% at the same time a year ago.

For corn Iowa and Minnesota set at the top of the pile with 85% good-to-excellent condition ratings. Pennsylvania stays a close second at 82% and Nebraska it towards the top at 74% good to excellent.  On the opposite end of the scale Michigan and Colorado have the highest percentage of corn rated very poor to poor, at 14% and 16%, respectively.

Up to this point in the growing year much of the crop progress has been well ahead of the five year average. Corn silking however continues to to run behind the five year average. NASS estimated that 10% of corn was silking, 6 percentage points behind the five-year average of 16%.

Soybean development, on the other hand, was near to slightly ahead of normal last week. Soybeans blooming was estimated at 31%, 7 percentage points ahead of the five-year average of 24%, while soybeans setting pods was estimated at 2%, near the five-year average of 4%.

Looking at the state by state break down Iowa is now 37% in bloom, Minnesota 43% and Nebraska 41%. All these ratings are well ahead of their respective 5 year average.

The national soybean condition rating came in the same as the corn crop: 71% good to excellent nationwide. That was unchanged from the previous week and still well ahead of 53% at the same time last year. Iowa was 84% good to excellent, along with Minnesota 83% , Wisconsin 79% and Nebraska 76% .

Meanwhile, winter wheat harvest moved ahead 15 percentage points last week to reach 56% complete as of Sunday, 1 percentage point ahead of the five-year average of 55%.

Harvest in Kansas in 80% complete, Illinois is 81% and Missouri is at 84% finished,. Nebraska winter wheat is 16% harvested, and South Dakota has not started yet.

Winter wheat condition — for the portion of the crop still in fields — was rated 51% good to excellent, down 1 percentage point from 52% from the previous week. Sixty-one percent of North Dakota’s winter wheat crop was rated good-to-excellent.

View the full report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/c247fd92b/1g05g1123/prog2820.pdf

Clay Patton breaks down the full report here:

Following hot and dry conditions mixed rain showers were welcomed by farmers across the Midwest this past weekend. That helped to bring around the corn and soybean conditions from the previous week. Winter wheat harvest was able to keep pace with the 5 year average. Topsoil moisture was also able to increase in several states that were starting to become pretty dry.

Corn planting and emergence is considered complete across the country. That means that corn is now in or nearly in the silking stage. According to NASS 2% of the national corn crop is silking. That is on pace with the five year average. Kansas has 3% silking. Which is about 3% from the five year average. Nebraska has yet to see any corn enter the silking stage. Texas has the most corn silking at 55%. That is 5% ahead of the five year average.

As for the national corn condition it improved 1% week to week to 72% good to excellent. Nebraska corn improved 3% to 74% good to excellent. Kansas corn remained unchanged to 54% good to excellent. Pennsylvania continues to have one of the best corn crops at 88% good to excellent.

Soybeans have yet to complete the planting or emergence stage. That means they are still reported by NASS. Soybean planting is considered 96% complete up 3% from last week. Just 4 states have yet to hit the 90% and above planting completion. Kansas has 95% of the soybeans planted. That is 8% ahead of the 5 year average. Nebraska completed soybean planting last week.

Soybean emergence is 4% ahead of the five year average nationally at 89%. Iowa and Nebraska are both considered 96% emerged. That is 5-6% ahead of the five year average. Kansas is 15% ahead of the five year average at 86% emerged.

5% of the soybean crop nationally is considered to have entered the blooming stage. That is on pace with the five year average. Nebraska has 16% of the soybean crop blooming, up 13% from the five year average. Kansas is right at the five year average for 1%. Louisana has the most soybeans blooming at 55%.

Nationally soybeans are considered 70% good to excellent. That is down 2% from the previous week. Iowa has one of the strongest soybean crops at 84% good to excellent, up 2% from the previous week. Kansas improved 4% to 68% good to excellent. Nebraska soybeans dropped 1% to 77% good to excellent.

Winter wheat is almost completely headed at 96% nationally. That is just 1% behind the five year average. Kansas is now officially 100% headed out.  That is even with the five year average. Nebraska saw 11% of the winter wheat crop head out since last week to 96%. That is still 2% from the five year average. Montana and Michigan are the only 2 states that have not reached 90% or better headed out for winter wheat.

Winter wheat harvest continues across the country now considered 29% complete, up 14% from the previous week and 16% from a year ago. It is also 3% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska has yet to start winter wheat harvest. Kansas has harvested 25% of the winter wheat crop. That is up 16% from last week and 1% ahead of the five year average.

Nationally the winter wheat crop continues on a roller coaster of condition. Nationally the crop improved 2% to 52% good to excellent. Kansas winter wheat dropped 1% to 44% good to excellent. Nebraska increased 19%, after dropping 23% last week, to 62% good to excellent. Colorado winter wheat dropped 2% to 29% good to excellent. 37% of the crop is considered poor to very poor.

Spring wheat decreased in condition week to week at 75% good to excellent. That is down from 81% good to excellent.

Pasture and range land also benefited from the weekend rains. Nebraska pasture improved 5% to 71% good to excellent. Kansas improved 1% to 50% good to excellent. Colorado pasture is still dry with 0% in the excellent category and 26% in the good category. Colorado has the third highest very poor to poor rating at 48%. California (55% p-vp) and New Mexico (59% p-vp) are number one and two.

Topsoil moisture was able to recharge in Kansas up 14% to 61% adequate to surplus. Nebraska remained unchanged to 62% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture was also able to improve in Kansas up 4% to 63% adequate to surplus. Nebraska subsoil moisture improved 1% to 75% adequate to surplus.

Find the full crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/w9505n13w/8910kf14z/prog2620.pdf  

Clay Patton has the full report information as a podcast

 

The latest crop progress report shows the hot and dry weather in the Midwest has yet to impact major crop conditions. It has though significantly dropped the top and subsoil moisture. Winter wheat harvest continues to roll on pace with it’s five year average doubling week to week.

Corn planting is considered complete by NASS across the country. Thus the crop progress report this week starts off with corn emergence, which like planting, is nearly complete. 95% of the countries corn crop has emerged – 3% ahead of the five year average. Kansas has seen 95% corn emergence – an increase of 9% from the previous week. Nebraska has 98% corn emergence – just 2% ahead of the five year average. While several states are at the 98-99% emergence rate, only one state has reached 100% emergence. That is North Carolina which only needed 2% more to emerge from last week to reach 100%.

Nationally, the corn crop did see a slight drop in condition rating going from 75% good to excellent to 71% good to excellent. Kansas corn condition fell 6% from last week to 54% good to excellent. Nebraska’s corn rating fell 12% to 71% good to excellent. Pennsylvania still runs one of the strongest corn crops in the nation at 91% good to excellent, improving 1% since last week.

The soybean planting report was still released this week, but it is quickly nearing the 100% mark. Nationally 93% of the soybean crop is planted, up 7% from last week and 5% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska inched 2% week to week to officially finish soybean planting. Kansas improved 10% week to week to 89% complete. That is 13% ahead of the five year average.

Soybean emergence continues 6% ahead of the five year average nationally at 81%. Nebraska soybean emergence is now rated at 94% – 10% ahead of the five year average. Kansas opened it’s lead on the five year average to 20% this week with 73% of the soybean crop already emerged. No state has hit the 100% emergence rating yet.

The national soybean condition is rated 72% good to excellent, equal with the rating a week ago. Nebraska soybeans dropped 4% from 82% yo 78% good to excellent. Kansas soybean rating fell 3% to 64% good to excellent. Iowa saw a large drop week to week on the soybean rating. Going from 82% good to excellent last week to 72% good to excellent this week.

Grain sorghum planting is continuing at a steady pace, up 15% from last week nationally to 79% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum planting is 9% ahead of the five year average to 97% complete. National sorghum rating fell 7% to 48% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum is rated 55% good to excellent.

Winter wheat is almost completely headed out. Nationally 91% of the crop is considered headed out. Nebraska is still lagging 7% from the five year average to 85%. Kansas is right on pace at 99% headed out. Montana is the furthest from being completely headed out at only 28%. That is up 23% from last week, but 19% behind the five year average.

Winter wheat harvest doubled week to week from 7% to 15% complete. Right on pace with the five year average. Kansas is 1% ahead of the five year average at 9% complete. Nebraska has yet to start winter wheat harvest. Texas is the furthest along with winter wheat harvest at 38% complete. Up 15% from last week and 16% ahead of the five year average for Texas.

The winter wheat crop is rated 50% good to excellent down 1% from a week ago and down 14% from a year ago. Kansas winter wheat is rated 45% good to excellent. That’s an increase of 3% from last week. Nebraska is rated 43% good to excellent. A drop of 23% from last week. Colorado is holding at 31% good to excellent, but 16% is still rated very poor. Oklahoma is the only other state with double digit very poor rating at 14% very poor. Oklahoma also has 46% of the winter wheat crop rated good to excellent.

Pasture and range condition is not fairing well in the heat and wind. Kansas pasture and range fell 6% to 49% good to excellent. Nebraska pasture and range also fell 6% to 66% good to excellent.

Topsoil and subsoil moisture both saw double digit drops week to week in several states. Kansas topsoil is now considered 47% adequate to surplus. Down 15% from last week. Nebraska topsoil moisture is rated 61% adequate to surplus down 16% from last week. New Mexico has the driest top soil with a 45% very short rating. Kansas subsoil moisture is rated 59% adequate to surplus down 9% from last week. Nebraska subsoil moisture is rated 74% adequate to surplus. That is down 12% from last week. Some state are still near saturated at the subsoil level. Alabama is rated 93% adequate to surplus for subsoil moisture.

See the full crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/pk02cx87g/rx914b27v/prog2520.pdf

Clay Patton recaps the report here:

 

The second crop progress report for June shows a fairly healthy corn and soybean crop. Winter wheat harvest is on pace. The recent heat and wind dropped moisture levels significantly in Midwestern states.

Corn planting has leveled near the 100%-mark. Nationally, corn planting is rated 97% complete – a far cry from where it was a year ago at 78%.  All states but North Dakota (87% planted) are now above the 90% area for corn planting. The heat has spurred corn emergence on as well. Nationally 89% of the corn is emerged. That is 5% ahead of the five year average and 32% ahead of the emergence in 2019. Nebraska currently sits at 95% emergence. Kansas emergence is at 86% and North Dakota emergence is at 52%.

Despite the heat and wind the corn condition increased 1% to 75% good to excellent nationally. That is well above the 59% good to excellent it was rated just a year ago. Kansas corn is rated 60% good to excellent. Nebraska corn is rated 83% good  to excellent. That sounds strong, but Pennsylvania still stands at the top with 90% of the crop rated good to excellent and the last 10% rated at fair.

Further ahead of last year’s corn planting is soybean planting. Nationally 86% of the soybean crop has been planted. That is 32%  more planted than in 2019. Nebraska has 98% of it’s soybeans planted. Iowa is 1% behind at 97%. Kansas is 79% planted – 24% ahead of the 5 year average.

Soybean emergence is just ahead of the 5 year pace nationally at 67%. Nebraska has 85% soybean emergence, compared to 68% on the 5 year average. Iowa is a perfect 20% ahead of the 5 year average at 87%. Kansas soybeans are 59% emerged ahead of the five year average of 37%.

Soybean condition will also improve week to week. Nationally the soybean crop is rated at 72% good to excellent, up 2%. Iowa is rated at 82% good to excellent up 1% from the previous report. Kansas is rated 67% good to excellent down 1% from the previous report.  Nebraska is rated 82% good to excellent, unchanged from the previous report.

Sorghum planting is rolling right along, but not quite like corn and soybeans. Nationally, 64% of the crop is planted – just 4% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska is 93% planted, the furthest of any state. Kansas is 51% planted.

Sorghum condition nationally dropped 9% to 55% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum was rated 90% good to excellent. Kansas sorghum was rated 52% good to excellent.

Winter wheat continues to head out a slightly sluggish pace. Nationally winter wheat heading out is 3% behind the 5 year average at 85%. Kansas is equal with their five year average at 98% headed out. Nebraska is 15% behind the five year average with only 67% of the winter wheat crop headed out currently. With heading out behind schedule winter wheat harvest is right on schedule. Nationally, winter wheat harvest more than doubled week to week at 7% complete. Kansas and Nebraska have yet to roll a combine. Texas has harvested 53% of their winter wheat. Oklahoma has harvested 19% of their winter wheat crop.

Winter wheat condition nationally stayed the same week to week at 51% good to excellent. Nebraska improved 2% at 66% good to excellent. Kansas remained unchanged week to week at 42% good excellent. Colorado was able to improve 1% week to week at 32% good to excellent.

Pasture and range condition is starting to drop as a result of the heat. Nebraska range is rated at 72% good to excellent. Kansas is rated 55% good to excellent. Colorado has 0% of their range rated excellent. 39% is considered poor to very poor. California pasture and range covers both extremes. 40% is rated good to excellent. 50% is rated at poor to very poor.

Topsoil moisture saw double digit drops week to week. Kansas topsoil moisture dropped 13% to 62% adequate to surplus. Nebraska topsoil moisture dropped 11% to 78% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture decreased, but not at the rate of topsoil. Kansas subsoil moisture dropped 7% to 68% adequate to surplus. Nebraska subsoil moisture dropped 3% to 86% adequate to surplus.

You can see the entire crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/2b88r072q/5712mt01c/prog2420.pdf

Clay Patton breaks down the whole report here: