Tag Archives: Harvest

Fall row crop harvest continues at break neck speed across the country. Corn and soybean harvest if continued uninterrupted could have most farmers done by thanksgiving. However the quick harvest pace is a double edge sword as the dry conditions making it possible are also continuing to dry up available soil moisture, and grass quality in pastures.

In a break down of the NASS crop progress report for the week of October 19 the national corn harvest is now 60% complete. Up 19% from the prior week. Meaning if that pace continues corn harvest could be at 98%-99% in two weeks. In the state break down most states are over the half way mark for corn harvest. Iowa has harvested 65% of their corn crop. A far cry from the 13% they had harvested this time last year. Kansas has harvested 76% of their corn crop and Nebraska has harvested 58% of it’s corn crop.

While most other fall crops have concluded their weekly condition rating corn is still receiving a rating. Nationwide the corn crop is rated 61% good to excellent. That is unchanged week to week. Nebraska corn fell 4% to 59% good to excellent. Kansas corn remained unchanged week to week at 59% good to excellent. Iowa gained 3% to 47% good to excellent, but Illinois cancelled those gains out dropping 3% to 65% good to excellent.

Soybean harvest is about 15% ahead of corn harvest now 75% complete across the country. Iowa (90%) and Nebraska (92%)  are just behind the state with the most soybean harvest complete. Louisiana at 93%.  Kansas is further behind these other states at 64% complete, but was able to gain 24% harvest completion week to week.

Given it’s strong cash market sorghum harvest has really kicked into gear with 63% of the nations sorghum crop in the bin. That is 12% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska has harvested 60% of it’s sorghum crop, up from 31% last week. Kansas has harvested 49% of the state’s sorghum crop, up from last week’s 30%.

Soybeans and sorghum no longer have a weekly rating from NASS.

Winter wheat seeding continues to push on and is almost done. Nationwide 77% of the winter wheat has been seeded. With states across the great plains essentially done. Kansas is 84% planted, Colorado 98%, Nebraska 72% and South Dakota at 71% planted. All of these are within a few points of their five year average.

Despite the dry most states are seeing strong emergence of the winter wheat. 51% of the national crop has emerged. 71% of the South Dakota crop has emerged. 61% of the Kansas winter wheat crop has emerged. 68% of the Colorado winter wheat crop has emerged and 72% of the Nebraska winter wheat crop has emerged.

The final pages of the report really detail how short moisture is becoming across much of the country. Pasture and range condition in Kansas fell 5% to 27% good, 0% excellent. Nebraska pasture fell 21% to just 15% good, 0% excellent.

Topsoil moisture fell 7% in both Kansas (21%) and Nebraska (20%)  adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture than fell 8% in both Kansas and Nebraska, to 31% and 28% adequate to surplus.

You can read the full report here:

https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/ww72c218f/4q77gg25f/prog4320.pdf

Clay Patton has the audio recap of the report here:

Grains end mixed on Friday, but Troy Nielson with Smart Yield looks at the week’s trade. Overall corn and soybeans continue to hold record prices given the seasonality of harvest. This could give farmers a chance to sell grain into a strong market, but there is the lingering question of basis. Nielson looks at basis and the spreads to help explain what the current market is encouraging farmers to do.

Nielson also reflects on last week’s WASDE report and some of the data that may have been overlooked in the wild ride immediately following the report.

Catch the full episode here:

As expected in the October 11 crop progress report, harvest is racing ahead with dry weather across much of the country. The dry though is hindering emergence of winter wheat and quickly depleting topsoil and subsoil moisture.

Row crops have essentially hit the final stages of maturity with corn maturity reaching a national rating of 94%, 7% ahead of the five year average. Soybean dropping leaves is now rated 93% nationwide, 3% ahead of the five year average.

As for harvest national corn harvest jumped from 25% complete last week to 41% complete this week. That is 9% ahead of the five year average. In the state by state break down Nebraska has harvested 34% of the state’s corn and Kansas has harvested 63% of the states corn. Both jumped 10+% week to week and are well ahead of the five year average. Big I-states are quickly approaching the halfway mark on corn harvest with Illinois at 45%, Indiana 34%, and Iowa 42% corn harvested. Soybean harvest nationwide is 61% complete, 19% ahead of the five year average and up 23% from last week. Nebraska has harvested 82% of the state’s soybean crop. That more than doubles the five year average of 39% and almost quadruples year ago harvest levels which were just 24%. Kansas soybean harvest is 40% complete. That perfectly doubles the five year average. Big I-states soybean harvest continues to roll on with Illinois 56%, Indiana 52% and Iowa 78% complete. Finally sorghum harvest is keeping just ahead of the five year harvest with 49% of the national harvest complete. Nebraska has harvested 31% of the states sorghum. That is 8% ahead of the five year average.

Crop conditions deteriorated on the national scale this week with key states seeing a decent drop. Nationally corn is rated 61% good to excellent, down 1% from last week. Nebraska corn increased 2% week to week to 63% good to excellent. Kansas corn is unchanged week to week at 54% good to excellent. Iowa corn dropped 1% to 44% good to excellent. Illinois corn though saw an 8% drop to 68% good to excellent. The national soybean condition dropped 1% as well to 63% good to excellent. Nebraska soybeans were unchanged week to week at 63% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans increased 3% to 56% good to excellent. Iowa soybeans were unchanged week to week at 49% good to excellent. Illinois soybeans fell 9% to 66% good to excellent. Nationally sorghum dropped 1% to 50% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum improved 8% to 68% good to excellent.

Winter wheat planting could possibly be finished in the next two weeks with the current pace being  set. Nationally 68% of the winter wheat crop is planted, 7% ahead of the five year average and up 16% from last week. In the state by state break down Colorado has the most winter wheat planted at 94%. Followed by Nebraska at 89%. South Dakota at 88% and Kansas was further away at 74% planted.

Dry conditions are slowing Nebraska winter wheat emergence, but nationwide 41% of the crop has emerged. That is 6% ahead of the five year average. Kansas has 50% of the winter wheat crop emerged, up 18% from the five year average. Nebraska has 60% of the winter wheat crop emerged, down 8% from the five year average.

Pasture and range conditions continue to drop week to week. Nebraska range dropped 2% to 36% good to excellent. Kansas pasture dropped 6% yo 32% good to excellent. Wyoming has some of the poorest range in the Midwest with only 1% being rated good and 0% excellent. Wyoming has 70% of the pasture and range rated poor to very poor.

Topsoil moisture in Kansas has taken large drops the last couple of weeks. Dropping 10% to 28% adequate to surplus this week. That is 23% drop in the last two weeks. Nebraska topsoil dropped 6% this week to 27% adequate to surplus. Dropping 13% over the last two weeks. Subsoil moisture in Kansas dropped 8% to 39% adequate to surplus. Nebraska subsoil dropped 4% to 34% adequate to surplus.

You can view the full report here:

https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/hd76sq359/pg15c454g/prog4220.pdf

Persistent and increasing dry conditions, along with a brisk pace setting up for fall harvest are the key points for the first crop progress report of October.

Row crop harvest continues on with 25% of the national corn harvest complete. In the state by state breakdown 21% of Nebraskan corn is harvested, 44% of Kansas corn is harvested and 25% of Iowa corn is harvested. With the exception of Kansas all of these were ahead of the five year average. Soybean harvest is now 38% complete across the country. That is a full 10% ahead of the five year average and 26% ahead of where soybean harvest was one year ago. In the state break down 20% of Kansas soybeans are harvested, 55% of Nebraska and Iowa soybeans are harvested. Like corn soybean harvest is running well ahead of the five year average for most states. Finally for sorghum harvest is 38% complete across the country. That is even with the five year average. Kansas has harvested 14% of the sorghum crop, Colorado has harvested 18% and Nebraska has harvested 17%.

Corn and soybean condition is actually holding and improving in the early fall. Nationally corn condition improved 1% to 62% good to excellent. Nebraska corn dropped 2% to 61% good to excellent. Kansas corn dropped 1% to 54% good to excellent. Iowa corn after dropping for weeks following the derecho wind event improved 3% to 45% good to excellent. Illinois corn remains unchanged for another week at 73% good to excellent. Nationwide the soybean crop remained at 64% good to excellent. Nebraska soybeans improved 2% to 63% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans improved 3% to 53% good to excellent. Iowa soybeans improved 2% to 49% good to excellent. Illinois soybeans improved 3% to 75% good to excellent. Finally sorghum condition nationwide remained unchanged 51% good to excellent. Nebraska sorghum is rated 60% good to excellent.

Dry conditions are premium for a quick harvest, but not helping the wheat that is going in the ground. Nationwide winter wheat planting crossed the halfway mark at 52% complete. That is 5% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska falls just behind Colorado (86%) for the most winter wheat already planted at 80%.  That is actually 2% behind the five year average. Kansas wheat planting is rated 56% complete. 15% ahead of the five year average.

The dry conditions are also rough for winter wheat trying to emerge, but nationwide 24% of the winter wheat has emerged. That is actually 3% ahead of the five year average. 33% of the Nebraska winter wheat has emerged, 16% behind the five year average. Kansas has seen 29% of it’s winter wheat emerge, 10% ahead of the five year average.

Topsoil and subsoil moisture saw some of the biggest drops in the report this week. Nebraska topsoil moisture dropped 7% to a rating of 33% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture dropped 13% to 38% adequate and 0% surplus. Nebraska subsoil moisture dropped 2% to 40% adequate to surplus. Kansas subsoil dropped 10% to 47% adequate to surplus.

Visit the full report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/gx41n7114/rr172n08t/prog4120.pdf

Clay Patton recaps the report here:

LINCOLN, NEB. – As we move into the fall of 2020 with the COVID-19 pandemic still upon us, it is a year we won’t soon forget. Students may or may not be back in the classroom and we all may be either working from home or may be back at the office. But farmers and ranchers are working to move cattle and to start on harvest.

As the uncertainty of 2020 lingers through the year, this is a time when we especially need to slow down and pay more attention on farms, ranches, and on roads and highways.

Here are a few tips to remember as we see, large slow-moving machines on our roads coming in and out of fields across the state.

  1. Farmers: Get plenty of rest and slow down to avoid accidents on the farm. Don’t hurry through equipment repairs, take your time with backing up large pieces of machinery, keep your hands away and don’t wear loose clothing around moving auger parts.

  1. Drivers: Drive without distractions. We hear it all the time: Don’t text or check your smartphone while driving. But distracted driving continues to be a leading cause of vehicular accident and during harvest time it could be especially dangerous as there may be more slow-moving vehicles on our roads and highways.

  1. Farmers: If you’re driving farm equipment on public roads, it’s especially important that you’re clearly marked so motorists can see you in time to slow down — considering you’re probably driving less than 25 MPH. Make sure your lights are working and that all reflecting tape and slow-moving vehicle (SMV) emblems are properly placed. Remember to wipe down some of these safety features if your equipment is dusty to ensure they can be seen. Also use flashers on public roads.

  1. Drivers: If you are following behind a slow-moving vehicle, please play it safe and wait to safely pass and remember slow moving vehicles usually go from one field or pasture to another and turning may take extra time, so be patient. Most farmers will do their best to create space so you can pass, but awareness of where you’re driving and patience on everybody’s part is the best way to keep the roads safe during harvest season.

In the fall, harvest time can be one of the busiest and most dangerous seasons of the year for the agriculture industry. Remember, we share our roads and highways and in 2020 if we work together, we can keep everyone safe.

  • Right in the middle of soybean harvest
  • Export information on corn & beans
  • South America…where are they at with their crops
  • Quarterly stocks report…how does that affect the markets & compare to the October WASDE
  • US Weather & harvest

 

 

The mid September crop progress report from NASS shows a substantial jump in moisture ratings from last week’s cool rain event. There is also a notable increase in pasture and range conditions due to the moisture. Aside from that the corn and soybean crop remain relatively unchanged and still well ahead of schedule when compared to the 5 year averages in most categories.

Starting at the top of the report which is now corn in the dent stage where 89% of the country has reached. That is 7% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska has reached 94% dent stage, Kansas has reached 91% and Iowa corn has reached 90% dent stage. All of those well ahead of their respective five year averages.

Corn maturity is also well ahead nationwide at 41%. The five year average is 32%. Iowa and Nebraska almost double their corn maturity five year averages at 48% & 49% respectively. Kansas on the other hand actually fell 1 % behind it’s five year average for corn maturity to 49% mature.

With that much of the corn crop already mature harvest is getting underway in several states. As an aggregate the national corn harvest is considered 5% complete. Right on track with the five year average. Texas of course is the furthest along with corn harvest at 67% complete. Nebraska has harvested 4% of the state’s corn crop that is 3% ahead of the five year average. Kansas though is again behind in corn harvesting with only 8% of the crop picked, 3% behind the five year average.

As the case has been for the last several week’s corn condition in the country continues to decline. Nationwide the corn crop is rated 60% good to excellent. Down 1% from last week. Nebraska and Iowa also dropped 1% to 61% and 42% good to excellent. Kansas corn increased 1% to 54% good to excellent. Illinois not to be outdone by Kansas increased 2% in the corn condition to 72% good to excellent.

Now to the soybean crop where 37% of the nations crop has dropped leaves. That is 6% ahead of the five year average. As for Nebraska 61% of the soybean crop has dropped leaves. That is perfectly 20% ahead of Iowa who has dropped leaves on 41% of the soybean crop. Either way both states are double digits ahead of their five year averages. Kansas soybeans dropping leaves is now at 32% complete. That is ahead of the five year average of 19%.

Soybean condition like corn dropped this week across the country to 63% good to excellent. Down 2% from last week. Nebraska and Iowa soybeans though bucked the trend and increased 1% apiece to 64% and 48% good to excellent. Kansas soybeans remained unchanged on the week at 51% good to excellent. Illinois though outdid all these states again with their soybeans improving 3% to 71% good to excellent.

Poor mans corn or one of the hottest commodities currently for China is sorghum. 39% of the US sorghum crop has reached maturity. That is even with the five year average. In Nebraska sorghum maturity is 9% ahead of the five year average at 26%.

Sorghum condition seems to have more elasticity than corn or soybeans. Nationwide the sorghum crop is rated 52% good to excellent, up 3% from last week. Nebraska though saw a 14% increase in it’s sorghum condition rating to 71% good to excellent.

Last week’s rain helped to bring the pasture and range condition back around in Nebraska. Nebraska pasture and range improved from 25% good to excellent to 41% good to excellent this week. Kansas pasture and range remained unchanged week to week at 41% good to excellent.  Looking around the country West Virginia actually did nearly the opposite of Nebraska with their pasture and range condition falling 11% week to week at 67% good to excellent.

Topsoil and subsoil moisture both seem to benefit from last week’s moisture as well. Nebraska topsoil moisture improved 17% to 54% adequate to surplus. Kansas topsoil moisture improved 19% to 63% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture in Nebraska is now rated 47% adequate to surplus. An increase of 14% from last week. Kansas subsoil moisture improved 8% from last week to 60% adequate to surplus.

You can see the full report from NASS here:

https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/qr46rp789/2r36vm941/prog3820.pdf

Clay Patton breaks down the full report here:

 

 

LINCOLN, Neb. – As the corn growing season winds down, Nebraska farmers are anxious to begin harvest. Every year as autumn begins, the Nebraska Corn Board and the Nebraska Corn Growers Association reminds farmers and rural residents to “take a second for safety,” in order to prevent accidents and ensure a successful harvest. This year, safety precautions are especially important, as the world continues to deal with the coronavirus pandemic.

“As someone who contracted COVID-19 earlier this summer, I can adamantly say this is a virus you want to avoid, and it’s definitely not something you want to get during harvest,” said David Bruntz, chairman of the Nebraska Corn Board and farmer from Friend. “Oftentimes, as farmers, we think our occupations are prime for social distancing. While that may be true, this virus spreads easily, so we need to take precautions, such as keeping our distance from others, wearing masks in public places and washing our hands and using hand sanitizers often.”

Nebraska Corn recommends farmers develop a farm readiness plan in case of emergency. No one can learn the nuances of a farmer’s operation overnight, but having a plan in place will reduce stress in the event of an accident or illness. Once farmers develop their plans, they should place them somewhere where they can easily be found and additional copies can be given to trusted neighbors or friends.

Farm Readiness Checklist

Protect Yourself

  • Always “take a second for safety.” An extra second could save your life.
  • Wear proper PPE.
  • Drink plenty of water and get enough rest.
  • Make it a point to check in with family and loved ones regularly, especially when fall gets hectic.
  • Take time for yourself, even if it’s just a quick walk around the farm.
  • Monitor yourself for signs of stress. If you notice something odd, say something.
  • Follow all safety guidelines for equipment.

General Farm Information to Include in Plan

  • Hired help contact information and primary job responsibilities
  • Typical machinery dealership and/or repair services used
  • Crop advisor and/or farm manager name and phone number
  • Crop insurance agent name and phone number
  • Ag lender name and phone number
  • Locations of equipment needed for harvest

Field Plans

  • Field names and locations
    • Highlight in a plat book, if possible
    • Note where the field entrance is and what side is best to start working from
    • Location of hybrids that may be sooner to dry down for harvest
    • Do you have tile inlets or irrigation equipment that needs to be moved?
    • Are there any potential hazards for harvest (deep gullies or pivot stops)?
  • What still needs to be done? Do you have pivots that need to be checked?

Stored Crop Plans

  • What is your intended location for storage or delivery for each field’s crop?
  • Are there any bins that need to cleaned out? Where do you deliver to?
  • Are all bins functioning clearly?
    • Which bins may need to be watched more closely than others?
  • Do you have any upcoming delivery contacts? List specific contract information.
  • Does anyone help market your crops? If so, list their contact information.

Livestock Plans

  • Do you still have cows to calve? If so, list calving routine and processing procedures.
  • Which pastures do you typically graze?
  • Describe in detail your grazing rotational plan. Try to update frequently with where your cows are at the current time.
  • Will your stocks be grazed on after harvest? If so, list contact information of grower.
  • Are there water needs? Hay storage? Mineral and protein tubs?
  • Do you have feed brought in? Who is your supplier, are the deliveries automatic?
  • What are your rations?
  • List contact information for your vet.
  • Hog barn routine? Clean out procedures?
  • Are you a contract grower? If so, list their contact information.
  • Where do you get your feed? Is it an automatic delivery?
  • Is there anyone you have come help for things like load out? If so, list their contact information.

“The harvest season is a busy time and there are a lot of moving parts,” said Dan Nerud, president of the Nebraska Corn Growers Association and farmer from Dorchester. “While farmers are excited to get in the fields and harvest their crops, we need to remember that agriculture is one of the most dangerous occupations. By being prepared and taking a few extra seconds for safety, we can ensure a safe and successful harvest.”

In addition to its farm readiness checklist, Nebraska Corn also has a series of harvest safety tips that can be found online at nebraskacorn.gov/news-releases/harvestsafety2020/.

 

WASDE Report

FSA Acre numbers to be released
A big rally in the beans
Basis questions for beans & corn
Do you haul or store
How much yield was lost in the past three weeks?
NICE rally in the hogs with a limit up day
Cattle bids