Tag Archives: Soybean Planting

As the heat of June starts to roll in planting is essentially done in several states and emergence continues well ahead of the five year average. With planting and emergence looking solid the first corn and soybean condition reports are also strong. Winter wheat continues to head out in the warm weather. Harvest is just getting started in Southern states like Texas. Pasture and range condition is mixed on the high plains with some states dropping and other picking up due to recent weather patterns. Topsoil moisture across the board looks to drop week to week. While subsoil moisture stays unchanged to slightly better week to week.

We start in the corn planting with the nation now 93% complete. That is 4% ahead of the five year average. So the basis between the five year and this year has quickly narrowed at the end of planting season. Nebraska is now staring across the finish line of corn planting at 99%. That is 5% ahead of the five year average. Kansas is also nearing the finish line at 92% planted. 4% ahead of the five year average. North Dakota jumped 21% week to week in corn planting, but is still just 75% complete. 15% behind it’s five year average.

With high pressure and warm air building across the plains emergence is strong for corn and soybeans. Nationally corn emergence is rated at 78%. 5% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska corn is 88% emerged. 9% ahead of the five year average. Kansas is 74% emerged just 1% ahead of the five year average. While North Dakota really jumped week to week in planting emergence is still sluggish at 26% almost half of the five year average at 57%.

The second week of corn condition ratings showed an improvement of 4% nationally to 74% good to excellent. Nebraska remained unchanged at 82% good to excellent. Kansas corn improved 4% to 67% good to excellent.

Switching from corn to soybeans. Soybean planting nationally is now rated 75% complete ahead of the five year average of 68%. Nebraska has just 5% of it’s soybean acres left to plant (95% planted). That is well ahead of the five year average of 78%. Kansas has planted 62% of it’s soybean crop. That will make Kansas 18% ahead of their five year average for soybean planting. Iowa also continues to roll on soybean planting with 95% of their soybeans planted. 20% ahead of the five year average.

Soybean emergence is also strong in the warming trend of June. Nationally 52% of soybeans have emerged. That compares to the five year average of 44%. Nebraska has seen 73% of it’s soybean acres emerge. That almost doubles the Nebraska five year average of 47%. Kansas has stayed 20% ahead of it’s five year average with 46% of Kansas soybeans now emerged. Finally Iowa is currently at 78% soybean emergence. Well ahead of the five year average of 48%.

June 1 marks the first soybean condition rating. The nation is starting off strong at 70% good to excellent. Nebraska is better at 82% good to excellent. Kansas is currently 68% good to excellent. Iowa has one of the best soybean crops in the nation at 81% good to excellent.

From the corn belt we head to the winter wheat belt. Winter wheat continues to head out just  behind the five year average pace. Nationally 77% of the winter wheat crop has  headed out. That is 6% behind the five year average. Kansas currently sits at 94% headed out almost with it’s five year average of 96%. Nebraska is well away from it’s five year average with only 41% of the winter wheat crop headed out. Nebraska is typically closer to 61% headed out this time of year.

With states like Texas already 100% headed out, combines are starting to roll. Nationally 3% of the winter wheat crop has been harvested. That is 1% ahead of the five year average. Nebraska and Kansas have yet to officially start harvest. Texas is ahead of schedule with 32% of the winter wheat already cut. That is 11% ahead of the five year average for Texas winter wheat harvest.

Winter wheat quality dropped 3% nationally this week to 51% good to excellent. Nebraska dropped 6% at 64% good to excellent. Kansas increased 2% to 42% good to excellent. Colorado still struggles with it’s winter wheat quality. Only 31% of the crop is rated good to excellent. 28% is rated fair, 21% poor and 20% very poor.M

Moving over to pasture and range condition. Nebraska range decreased 4% in quality week to week to 78% good to excellent. Kansas increased 2% in range quality at 58% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture is quickly evaporating as rain clouds get replaced with blue skies and sunshine. Nebraska top soil moisture for the week of June 1 is rated at 89% adequate to surplus. Down 2% week to week. Kasnas topsoil moisture is rated at 75% adequate to surplus. Also down 2% week to week. Subsoil moisture for Nebraska will remain unchanged week to week at 89% adequate to surplus. Kansas subsoil moisture will increase 1% to 77% adequate to surplus.

You can see the entire crop progress report here: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/m039kr87h/4j03dk14k/prog2320.pdf

Clay Patton recaps the latest crop progress numberes:

Planting continues at an abbreviated pace and for corn the latest crop progress report shows some states almost to the finish line. Emergence is strong across the country for most row crops. The first look at the corn crop condition shows a fairly healthy corp. Winter wheat continues to lag behind the five year average for heading out. Overall winter wheat quality though looks to tick up a few points this week. As for moisture last week’s rains will surely help quite a few mid-west states, but there are still some in the lower 48 that are very dry.

Breaking the report down we start with corn planting. Nationally 88% of the crop is planted. A far cry from last year’s 55% and still ahead of the five year average of 82%. Nebraska and Iowa are both at 97% planted. Well ahead of their respective five year averages. With less than a week until the crop insurance deadline North Dakota is still struggling to get corn planted at only 54%. Well behind the five year average of 79%. Pennsylvania though takes the cake as the slowest planting progress at only 45% complete.

Corn emergence across the country is rated at 64%. Just ahead of the five year average of 58%. Nebraska has 77% of their corn crop emerged, up from the five year average of 61%. Kansas has 60% of their corn crop emerged equal with their five year average and 15% ahead of a year ago. Even though planting is slow Pennsylvania has 47% of their corn crop emerged.

This week’s crop progress report included the first corn condition ratings. Nationally the corn crop is rated at 70% good to excellent. Nebraska is rated at 82% good to excellent. Kansas is rated at 63% good to excellent. The best corn crop surprisingly is in the same state with the slowest plantings. Pennsylvania’s corn crop is rated at 92% good to excellent.

Moving over to the soybeans. Soybean planting nationally is 65% complete. Well ahead of a year ago when it was just 26% complete. Nebraska farmers have 89% of their soybeans planted. Well ahead of the five year average of 62%. Kansas farmers have 52% of their soybeans planted about 21% ahead of the five year average. Soybeans are also emerging steadily. Nationally 35% of the soybean crop has emerged. Nebraska 56% of the soybeans are above ground. That compares to the five year average of 25%. In Kansas soybean fields, 29% of them have emergence.

For winter wheat Texas is the first state to reach the 100% headed out stage. That helped to bring the national percentage of winter wheat headed out to 68%. Still behind the five year average of 72%. Nebraska’s winter wheat farmers have only seen 22% of the crop produce heads so far. That is 18% behind the five year average of 40%. Kansas winter wheat farmers reported 84% of the crop has headed out.

As for winter wheat condition, nationally the crop improved since last week up 2% to 54% good to excellent. Kansas remained unchanged at 40% good to excellent. Nebraska improved 3% to 70% good to excellent. Colorado wheat farmers are still struggling with a poor crop as only 32% of the winter wheat is considered good to excellent.

A fun side tour on the crop progress report. With some corn belt states reporting over six to seven inches of rain last week there have been quite a few jokes about switching from corn to rice. Looking at national rice planting it is 89% complete vs. the five year average of 92%.

Coming towards the bottom of the report we see the pasture and range condition which shows Nebraska range rated at 82% good to excellent. Kansas range is rated at 56% good to excellent.

Topsoil moisture looks to be strong in Nebraska at 91% adequate to surplus. In Kansas top soil is rated at 77% adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture in Nebraska is rated at 89% adequate to surplus. While Kansas subsoil moisture is rated at 76% adequate to surplus.

Looking at the subsoil chart there are 4 states including; Arizona, Colorado, California and Oregon that are rated 20-29% very short. New Mexico though looks to be the driest in the country with a sub soil moisture combined rating of 79% short to very short.

Clay Patton breaks down the full report here:

If you would like to see the full crop progress report visit this link: https://downloads.usda.library.cornell.edu/usda-esmis/files/8336h188j/9c67x7852/8910kd63p/prog2220.pdf